Weather balloons are a type of high altitude balloon specifically used for transporting scientific payloads into our upper atmosphere. There is no clear boundary to the outer edge of the atmosphere—it just fades into space.

Explore the atmosphere by launching virtual weather balloons using the simulation below! As a weather balloon rises into high altitudes, where air pressure decreases, the helium or hydrogen pressure inside the balloon increases and expands the balloon.

The air consists mainly of two gases—nitrogen (78 percent) and oxygen (21 percent). Also, jet aircraft and weather balloons fly in this layer as there is less turbulence.

The exosphere, the highest layer, is extremely thin and is where the atmosphere merges into outer space. Weather balloons are used to carry weather instruments that measure temperature, pressure, humidity, and winds in the atmosphere.The balloons are made of rubber and weigh up to one kilogram (2.2 pounds). It is composed of very widely dispersed particles of hydrogen and helium.

This way the balloon and the radiosonde can rise at a consistent pace high into the atmosphere.

Weather Balloon.

It is the part of the atmosphere which contains the ozone layer, which is very important for our survival as it blocks the harmful UV rays of the Sun from reaching us.

The exosphere is the outermost layer of Earth's atmosphere, which separates the atmosphere from outer space. Twice a day all over the U.S., the National Weather Service launches weather balloons with instrumentation packages called radiosondes to collect data on the current conditions of the upper atmosphere. Balloons zoom upwards at around 1,000 feet per minute. The air pressure surrounding the balloon decreases. They can carry their payloads as high as 40,000 m ~ 130,000 ft. Every day approximately 800 meteorological weather balloons are released at …

As they ascend with the weather balloon, the radiosondes measure profiles of pressure, temperature, and relative humidity.

On any given day, meteorologists around the world launch some 1,600 helium or hydrogen-filled weather balloons, which rise high up into the atmosphere … Ozone layer (highest concentration of ozone in the atmosphere) The ozone layer is a thin layer of the stratosphere made of a gas called ozone. Earth’s atmosphere is made up of several distinct layers. Explore the Troposphere allows you to take measurements in the 13 kilometers of the atmosphere directly above the ground. Some jet airplanes fly in a layer of the atmosphere where temperature generally increases with altitude. What is this layer of the atmosphere?

The lowest layer, called the troposphere, forms the air we breathe. Layers of Earth's Atmosphere allows you to investigate higher in the atmosphere. Unlike the troposphere, here the temperature increases as we go higher. Introduction.