The USGS, working in partnership with the Federal interagency Multi-Resolution Land Characteristics (MRLC) Consortium, is developing the National Land Cover Database (NLCD) 2016. existing vegetation types that are forest and woodland, canopy characteristics are attributed with some exceptions. The dataset is derived from the GFCC Surface Reflectance product ( GFCC30SR ), which is based on enhanced Global Land Survey (GLS) datasets. Specifically, canopy cover describes the vertical projection of the tree canopy onto an imaginary horizontal surface representing the ground's surface. FVC is a primary means for measuring global forest cover change and is a key parameter for a variety of environmental and climate-related applications, including carbon land surface models and biomass measurements. Effects were estimated according to simulated changes in flow patterns that may result from tree canopy removal associated with varying degrees of residential development. Both linear SMA and linear regression use linear models to approximate the relationships between spectral signal and canopy density. LANDFIRE's (LF) Forest Canopy Cover (CC) describes the percent cover of the tree canopy in a stand. Tropical rain forests are known for their high biological diversity, but the effects of plant diversity on important ecosystem processes in this biome remain unclear. Introduction: The LANDFIRE existing vegetation product suite include the following products: existing vegetation type, existing vegetation canopy cover, and existing vegetation height. NLCD serves as the definitive moderate resolution land cover database for the U.S., developed from Landsat data at a 30-m pixel resolution. A long-term study of tree mortality, canopy turnover, and coarse woody detritus inputs was conducted in cove forests of the Great Smoky Mountains, Tennessee, USA. The three bands included in each VCF5KYR Version 1 GeoTIFF are: percent of tree cover, non-tree vegetation, and bare ground. Canopy characteristics refer to the tree canopy. Seven old-growth stands were studied over a 10-yr period using 0.6-1.0 ha plots.