Kinematic Evolution of the Gulf of Mexico and Caribbean James Pindell Tectonic Analysis, Ltd., Cokes, Barn, West Burton, West Sussex RH20 1HD, England Also: Dept. PLATE TECTONIC CONSTRAINTS ON THE BIOGEOGRAPHY OF MIDDLE AMERICA AND THE CARIBBEAN REGION PETER J. CONEY' ABSTRACT North America-Eurasia and South America-Africa were certainly joined in the classic reconstruc- tion of Pangaea by Middle Triassic time. The islands are formed from magma derived from the melting of the North American Plate as it goes deeper into the Earth. It borders the North American Plate, the South American Plate, the Nazca Plate and the Cocos Plate plus several microplates. Diagram showing the major features of the Caribbean Plate. The approximately 80 million year old Caribbean Plate is roughly rectangular, and it slides eastward at about two centimeters/year relative to the North American Plate. Plates bordering the Caribbean Plate The Caribbean Plate lies in a complex area. The Northern Caribbean Plate, as well as the Hispaniola microplate and Puerto Rico-Virgin Islands (PRVI) is generally moving NNE relative to the North American Plate but with slight variations in direction and rate (Mann, 2005a; ten Brink & López-Venegas, 2012; Benford et al., 2012).
The island sits where the Caribbean Plate meets the North American Plate, an area that can be very active. The Caribbean Plate lies in a complex area. Plate tectonics is the theory that Earth's outer shell is divided into several plates that glide over the mantle, the rocky inner layer above the core. Xiao Xu 1,2,3, G. Randy Keller 3 & Xiaoyu Guo 1. …of the Caribbean Sea—namely, the Caribbean Plate. Plate tectonics can be described as the study of crustal plates and how their movement affects the Earth’s surface. The Science Behind Haiti's Earthquake Haiti sits right at the spot where the tectonic North American plate and the Caribbean plate meet. Asterisk - Location of the January 12, 2010 earthquake. This displacement and the consequent overthrusting of the seafloor to the east are responsible for….
The Caribbean plate is an oceanic tectonic plate that underlies Central America and the Caribbean sea. Roughly 3.2 million square kilometers (1.2 million square miles) in area, the Caribbean Plate borders the North American Plate, the South American Plate, the Nazca Plate and the Cocos Plate. plate tectonics. Asterisk - Location of the January 12, 2010 earthquake. Bold numbers are the years of moderately large (larger than about M7) historical earthquakes written next to their approximate location. Caribbean tectonics encompasses the majority of the Caribbean Sea and southeast Pacific regions that include the Caribbean, Nazca, North Andean, Panama plates and the Galapagos and Caribbean microplates (Figure 1). These two major plates and two minor plates bordering it includes oceanic and continental crust. The Caribbean Plate is a mostly oceanic tectonic plate underlying Central America and the Caribbean Sea off the north coast of South America. Plate tectonics map from NASA. Caribbean plate definition, a major tectonic division of the earth's crust, encompassing the Central American portion of North America, the Caribbean Sea, and the islands of Cuba, Jamaica, Hispaniola, and Puerto Rico, as well as the Leeward and Windward Islands; bordered north and south by the North and South American Plates and west by the Cocos Plate. The Caribbean Plate Most of the territories which make up the Caribbean are located on one plate which is aptly named the Caribbean Plate . The Caribbean plate is an oceanic tectonic plate that underlies Central America and the Caribbean sea. Plate Tectonics. The lithosphere includes the crust and outer part of the mantle. This plate has moved east relative to both North and South America at a rate of 10 to 20 millimetres per year for tens of millions of years.
The Caribbean plate borders the Lesser Antilles (LA) subduction zone in the east, where the North Atlantic lithosphere subducts westwards in an arcuate shape below the Caribbean plate (van Benthem et al., 2014). The Cocos Plate is subducting beneath the Caribbean Plate, while the Caribbean Plate is subducting below both the Panama Plate and the North Andean Plate. Source: unknown, please don’t sue us. Bold numbers are the years of moderately large (larger than about M7) historical earthquakes written next to their approximate location. The Caribbean or Lesser Antilles Last Updated on Thu, 26 Mar 2020 | Plate Tectonics The Caribbean area is set between the continents of N and S America and, in the west, is currently separated from the Pacific by the platelets of Central America.
Colors denote depth below sea level and elevation on land. Surrounding the Caribbean plate are the North American plate, … Diagram showing how the volcanic islands of the Eastern Caribbean are formed where two tectonic plates meet. The Earth's plates jostle about in fits and starts that are punctuated with earthquakes and volcanic eruptions. These borders are regions of intense seismic activity, including frequent earthquakes, occasional tsunamis, and volcanic eruptions.